Wiregrass gentian (Gentiana pennilliana) is a rare herbaceous wildflower endemic to only nine Panhandle counties where it occurs naturally in pine flatwoods, wet prairies and seepage slopes.
Also known as Canadian germander, Wood sage (Teucrium canadense) is found in floodplains, moist thickets and meadows, marshes and swamps throughout most of Florida. It flowers spring through fall, but may bloom year-round. The flowers attract a variety of native long-tongued insects that will use the flower’s lower lip as a landing pad. Birds find the plant’s seeds appealing.
Woodland pinkroot (Spigelia marilandica) blooms late spring through summer and sometimes into fall. Its flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds as well as other insects.
Woodland poppymallow (Callirhoe papaver) is one of Florida’s most unique native wildflowers, with large, cuplike blooms ranging from bright magenta to wine red.
Yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) blooms attract bees, and its abundant fall fruit provides food for birds and small mammals. A tea can be made from its leaves.
Yellow anisetree (Illicium parviflorum) is an evergreen shrub to small tree found in mesic hammocks, bluffs, ravines and seepage swamps. It is endemic to only seven Central Florida counties.
Yellow butterwort (Pinguicula lutea) is a state-listed threatened carnivorous plant found in wet pine flatwoods, wet prairies and seepage slopes. Its solitary blooms appear late winter into spring.
Yellow colicroot (Aletris lutea) has long slender terminal spikes of yellow flowers that bloom in late winter/early spring through summer. They are visited by bees, butterflies and other pollinators.
Yellow fringed orchid
Yellow fringed orchid (Platanthera ciliaris) is a state-threatened terrestrial orchid with showy orange to bright yellow flowers that typically bloom in summer and peak in August.
Yellow milkroot (Polygala rugelii) is an herbaceous wildflower endemic to the Florida peninsula. Its showy flowers bloom primarily in summer and fall, but may appear throughout the year.
Yellow necklacepod (Sophora tomentosa var. truncata) is a long-lived flowering shrub that occurs naturally in coastal strands, hammocks and dunes throughout Central and South Florida.