Virginia willow, Iitea virginica

Virginia willow

Virginia willow (Itea virginica) by Keith Bradley. Click on terms for botanical definitions. View post as a PDF.

Virginia willow(Itea virginica) is an erect to spreading shrub with showy spikes of tiny white flowers that bloom in late winter through early summer. It occurs naturally in floodplain swamps, seepage slopes, stream and lake edges, and calcareous and mesic hammocks. The plant provides food and cover for wildlife.

The inflorescence is a dense terminal spike-like raceme that droops downward. Individual flowers are star-shaped, with five white to pinkish petals and a five-lobed, cup-shaped calyxStamens are creamy white with pale pinkish anthers. Ovary and pistil are prominent. The dark green, leathery leaves are elliptic to obovate with finely toothed margins and pointed tips. They are petiolate and alternately arranged. In the fall, leaf color changes to orange, red, burgundy or purple. Branches are slender and arching. Seeds are born in inconspicuous, pubescent brown capsules.

Red leaves on Virginia willow in fall
Virginia willow’s dramatic fall foliage. Photo by SB-Johnny (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Despite its common name, Virginia willow is not a true willow, which are members of the Salix genus in the Salicaceae family. It is also known as Sweetspire and Tassel-white.

Family: Iteaceae (Sweetspire family)
Native range: Nearly throughout, less in southernmost counties
To see where natural populations of Virginia willow have been vouchered, visit florida.plantatlas.usf.edu.
Hardiness: Zones 8A–10B
Lifespan: Perennial
Soil
: Moist to wet, poor to well-drained, acidic sandy, loamy or clay soils
Exposure: Mostly shade, but can sometimes tolerate full sun
Growth habit: 6–10’ tall with spread of up to 6’
Propagation: Cuttings, seed
Garden tips: Virginia willow is best suited for naturalistic or restoration landscapes and in plantings along retention pond edges, streams and other riparian zones where its suckering habit may assist with soil stabilization. The plant can provide year-round interest due to its attractive flowers, long bloom period and fall color. It is not drought tolerant, but it does adapt to dryer habitats. Occasional pruning (after flowering) and removal of unwanted suckers may be necessary.

Virginia willow is available from nurseries that specialize in Florida native plants. Visit www.PlantRealFlorida.org to find a nursery in your area. 

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