close-up of magenta Beach peanut flower
Beach peanut
Beach peanut (Okenia hypogaea) is a creeping, vine-like plant that occurs naturally in coastal strands and on beach dunes where it is a pioneer species. It blooms spring through fall, peaking in summer. Although not endemic, it occurs in only four counties in South Florida and is a state-listed endangered species. Despite its common name, it is not related to the common peanut (Arachis hypogaea), which is a member of the Fabaceae (Legume) family.
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No matter what you call it — Beggarticks, Spanish needle, monkey’s lice —Bidens alba is likely the most underappreciated of all Florida’s native wildflower.
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Bird pepper's flower, fruit and leaves
Bird pepper
Bird pepper (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum) is a lovely native plant found primarily in coastal hammocks in South and Central Florida. The plant’s dainty flowers bloom year-round and attract mostly bees. As its name suggests, birds (especially mockingbirds) love its fruit, particularly before they ripen. The fruit is edible to humans, but be warned — it is hot!
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Black titi, Cliftonia monophylla
Black titi
Black titi (Cliftonia monophylla) has fragrant white-to-pinkish flowers that typically bloom in spring. The plant is a wonderful pollinator attractor and is also browsed by deer.
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Blanketflower bloom
Blanketflower (Gaillardia pulchella) is an herbaceous wildflower whose brightly colored flowers attract a variety of pollinators. The plant typically blooms from spring into fall, but may bloom year-round.
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Blue porterweed
Blue porterweed (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) is an excellent addition to a butterfly garden: It is a host plant for the Tropical buckeye and a nectar source for many other butterfly species.
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Blue skyflower
Blue skyflower
The beauty of the brilliant Blue skyflower (Hydrolea corymbose) cannot be clouded! This herbaceous perennial wildflower goes largely unnoticed — that is, until its bright blue blooms appear.
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Blue toadflax
Blue toadflax (Linaria canadensis) is an annual wildflower that forms a delicate sea of lavender when in bloom. It is common along roadsides, and in pastures and other disturbed areas.
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Blueflower butterwort, Pinguicula caerulea
Blueflower butterwort
Blueflower butterwort (Pinguicula caerulea) is an insectivorous wildflower that typically blooms between January and May. It occurs naturally in bogs and low pinelands throughout much of the Florida peninsula.
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Burr marigold flower
Burr marigold
Burr marigold (Bidens laevis) is an annual wildflower with bright yellow flowers that bloom in late fall through early winter. They attract many bees and butterflies.
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Bushy seaside oxeye
Bushy seaside oxeye (Borrichia frutescens) blooms year-round, keeping our coastline in color and attracting butterflies and other pollinators. Its seeds provide food for birds and other small wildlife.
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Butterfly milkweed
Butterfly milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa) is a perennial that produces large, showy clusters of bright orange to reddish flowers from spring through fall. It occurs naturally in sandhills, pine flatwoods, and other sandy uplands as well as along sunny roadsides. It is an exception to the Asclepias genus in that its stem does not contain the milky latex that distinguishes the rest of the genus and gives it the common name “milkweed.”
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Butterfly orchid, Encyclia tampensis
Butterfly orchid
Butterfly orchid (Encyclia tampensis) is a slow-growing epiphyte with diminutive yet showy flowers that appear in late spring and summer. Their honey-like fragrance attracts a variety of bees.
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Butterweed flowers and buds
Butterweed (Packera glabella) is one of the first wildflowers to bloom in early spring. It grows in dense stands that illuminate moist roadsides and river edges.
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Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) is a wetland shrub with pincushion-like blooms that attract bees, butterflies and moths. Ducks and other birds eat the seeds and the foliage is browsed by deer.
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Buttonsage (Lantana involucrata) occurs naturally along coastal strands, dunes, hammocks, and pinelands in coastal counties from Pinellas and Brevard south to Monroe and into the Keys.
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Camphorweed, Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed (Heterotheca subaxillaris) typically blooms in summer and fall. Its flowers are attractive to many bees and butterflies. The plant has a camphor-like aroma, particularly when the leaves are disturbed.
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Candyroot (Polygala nana) is an annual herbaceous wildflower found in wet to moist pine flatwoods, wet prairies and coastal swales. It typically blooms in late spring through summer.
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Cardinalflower (Lobelia cardinalis) is an aquatic wildflower with erect spikes of brilliant red blooms that attract hummingbirds, butterflies and bees.
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