Pictured above: Alligatorflag (Thalia geniculata) by Mary Keim. Click on terms for botanical definitions. View post as a PDF.

Alligatorflag (Thalia geniculata) (also known as fireflag) is a tall, sturdy herbaceous perennial. Compared to the overall size of the plant, its blooms are somewhat inconspicuous. Flowers are purplish to whitish, 3-petaled and often nodding. Leaves are large (3+ long), broadly lanceolate with long petioles and pointed tips. They emerge from the base of the plant. Flower stalks extend well beyond leaves.

Alligatorflag on pond edge
Alligatorflag (Thalia geniculata) by Wayne Matchett

Alligatorflag typically blooms summer through fall. It occurs naturally in wetland depressions and cypress sloughs, and along the edges of marshes, swamps and wet ditches.

Alligatorflag is the host plant for the Brazilian skipper (Calpodes ethlius). It also provides cover for nesting water birds.

Family: Marantaceae (Arrowroot family)
Native range: Most of peninsula; Gulf, Franklin and Wakulla counties
To see where natural populations of alligatorflag have been vouchered, visit
Hardiness: 9-11
Soil: Wet, rich, acidic soils
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Growth habit: up to 9’ tall
Propagation: Seeds or rhizomes
Garden tips: Alligatorflag is best used in wetland restorations or to enhance retention pond edges. It does well in very wet conditions, including standing water. Note that it dies back in winter.

Alligatorflag plants are often available at nurseries that specialize in native plants. Visit to find a native nursery on your area.